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are groundhogs protected

There are also other smells that they shy away from. Also, damage to underground cables and water pipes are common. Some animals, such as deer pests, will eat up your garden during the nighttime, but groundhogs do most of their eating in the early morning and early evening. If you want to protect your compost from groundhogs, I use a compost tumbler which keeps my compost elevated and protected at all times! Traps are effective. Georgia Law allows the taking of certain native species -- namely rats, mice, armadillos, coyotes, groundhogs, beaver, freshwater turtles, venomous snakes, frogs, spring lizards, fiddler crabs, freshwater crayfish, freshwater mussels, and nutria -- because of their status as a nuisance or other reason. Bending the top 15 inches of the wire fence outward at a 45-degree angle will prevent groundhogs from climbing over the fence. Groundhogs and woodchucks are the same animal – a short-legged, brown mammal that digs complex tunnels and chows down on plants. By law, the members include at least six naturalists, including at least two zoologists, two ecologists, and one botanist. Distribution and Habitat : Groundhogs are found in the eastern United States and throughout Canada. While hibernating, a woodchuck’s body temperature can drop from about 99 degrees to as low as 37 (Humans go into mild hypothermia when their body temperature drops a mere 3 degrees, lose consciousness at 82 degrees and face … State regulations prohibit the holding of live armadillos, coyotes, groundhogs, and beaver without the proper permits or licenses. Ideally, you want to install fencing before the woodchuck gets a taste of any produce, as this will lessen the animal’s determination to get through the barrier. In some instances, an electric wire alone, placed 4 to 5 inches above the ground, can deter groundhogs from entering gardens. Maintain your yard regularly and clean up piles of leaves, sticks, and wood. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Groundhogs weigh around 7-14 lbs and are around 25 inches in length, including the tail. Trim back bushes and shrubs so that their leaves aren’t too low to the ground or thick. Fortunately, though groundhog burrow systems are complex, and can amount to up to 50 feet of total tunnel length, they typically do not cause significant damage to building foundations, and some homeowners are happy to let them stay. The animals are well-known pests throughout the United States, and are known as both woodchucks and groundhogs. They eat about one-third their body weight every day and adults are about 16 inches in length. ... with at least one male in order to protect the rest of the group. Groundhogs prefer to eat to keep themselves hydrated! A member of the squirrel family, groundhogs are typically between 7 and 14 pounds. The Wildlife Code of Missouri classifies the groundhog as a game mammal that may be taken during the prescribed hunting season (see current regulations for details). Groundhogs dig complex multi-chamber burrows used for hoarding food, nesting, and hibernating. Wait for three or four minutes while watching nearby holes for escaping smoke, then plug them. Groundhogs are no joke; when they find your garden, you can kiss your harvest goodbye unless you have a solid plan to protect yourself from them. Shooting, where legal, can also be an effective method or reducing or maintaining a low population of groundhogs. Game protection is removed when woodchucks damage personal property. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Groundhogs have short, powerful legs with dark brown feet equipped with heavy claws specialized for digging. This can become especially problematic as their burrows can weaken the foundations of structures. They rely on these burrows for protection against predators and blustery weather. Burrows commonly are located in fields and pastures, along fence rows, and stone walls, roadsides, and near building foundations or the base… If you suspect that you have groundhogs located near to your home, the best sign is to find the burrow. The rodents are abundant across their range and have a stable population in most places. Mostly herbivorous, groundhogs primarily eat wild grasses and other vegetation, and berries and agricultural crops when available. Ammonia-soaked rags are effective repellants for groundhogs. They will often build burrows underneath of porches, homes, and external structures. Groundhogs live under decks close to homes so they are often found pestering pets. Human development, which often produces openings juxtaposed with second growth trees that are incidentally also favored by groundhogs, often ensures that groundhogs in well-developed areas are nearly free of predators, beyond humans (through various forms of pest control or roadkills) or mid-to-large sized dogs. This blog post is a summary of the laws as we read them; hence the following disclosure. Woodchucks are often found along the edges of forests and along rocky bluffs or ravines. They will often build burrows underneath of porches, homes, and external structures. What Does the Groundhog Burrow Look Like? Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? Cage-type traps should be clean and set during daylight hours. In that case, woodchucks can be controlled by the property owner using the lawful means described in this fact sheet. Missouri's Groundhogs, A Guide to Nuisance Prevention and Damage Control. Gas cartridges are filled with combustible materials that are ignited by lighting a fuse. Woodchucks in the Garden. Behavior. Despite their burly looks, woodchucks are shy, timid creatures who pop up in yards after a long winter hibernation. (Placing sod grass side down prevents smothering the cartridge with loose dirt). The culprits are usually rabbits, groundhogs and deer, but occasionally a raccoon or bear will drop in for things like sweet corn and berries. As Certified Nuisance Wild Animal Control Operators in the State of Ohio, we’d like to help the public understand the regulations as they pertain to the removal of nuisance groundhogs (woodchucks). Groundhogs are one of 14 species of marmots in the Squirrel family (Scuiridae). Spring (and even late winter) signals the mating season, when males awaken from hibernation and venture within two to three acres to find and enter the burrows of females. 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