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plato contribution to philosophy

Plato's greatest contribution to modern society is found in his theories relating to metaphysics. Plato's contribution extends to virtually every area of philosophy. Plato based some of his fantasies on old stories, some he adapted, and some he made up himself. Platowas a philosopher who was born in Greece somewhere around 428 BCE to a family of the political and social elite. Plato was a Greek philosopher known and recognized for having allowed such a considerable philosophical work.. In The Republic, Plato defines clearly the definition of justice and morality. Plato's use of dialogue pitted arguments and ideas against each other allowing the best ideas to rise to the surface. It is said that in this lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic love; a sort of passionate and otherworldly camaraderie without a sexual element. Plato played a vital role in encouraging the Greek intelligentsia to regard science as a theory. The characters disagree and argue with each other. These characters argue and disagree with one another, and Plato used these exchanges of different viewpoints to set ideas and thoughts against one another, allowing the best ideas to rise to the surface. Platonic Realism. philosophy of education according to Plato is a vast and detailed model of schooling for ancient Athens Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. The concept of forms are central to the philosophy … In his work Republic, Plato demonstrates this theory of forms in a representation called “The Allegory of the Cave.”. Beyond his writings and findings, the Plato contribution to philosophy that involved a new method for answering philosophical questions was created. Plato’s thought: A philosophy of reason. Plato’s teacher Socrates is, for the most part, the focal character in these works, with subjects normally revolving around Socrates’ dialogues. Plato divides his world into two aspects: the intelligible world and the perceptual world. Plato believed that genuine knowledge could be gained from the wider universe. 913 Words 4 Pages. Nearly all of Plato's writings took the form of dialogues between Socrates and various other characters that were part of Plato's social philosophy. He was a student of Socrates and he carried on many of Socrates’ teachings in his work. In this society, people could work together for mutual gain, which would, in turn, lead to a prosperous and thriving political and economic structure. The “exchanges” or early writings of Plato appear to be directly acquired from Socrates. The early ‘Socratic’ dialogues are … Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who originated various ideas that strongly influenced Western philosophy, including philosophical thoughts on … opposition to the materialist view of the world and aided in the creation of the foundation of the whole Western Philosophy, the founder of the famous academy in Athens (first institution of higher learning in … He discussed a whole range of philosophical topics including ethics, metaphysics where topics such as immortality, man, mind, and Realism are discussed. It is mostly accepted that Greek philosopher, Plato, laid the foundations of Western philosophy. ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY/PSYCHOLOGY:Socrates, Plato GREEK THINKERS:Aristotle, Contiguity, Contrast PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Saint Augustine, Avicenna He re wrote many of the previously written concepts in philosophy and sciences. Although Plato is predominantly considered a philosopher, he was also one of ancient Greece’s most acclaimed scientists. Almost 500 years after this, in 410 AD, a restored Neoplatonic Academy was built as a center for Neoplatonism until 529 when it was shut down by the Christian emperor Justinian I, who believed that it was founded on agnosticism. He was the first person to come up with an authentic and logical procedure to conclude a s… Notes on The Criticism of Plato - A.N Whitehead, a mathematician, and a philosopher claimed that Western philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato. There is no record of the specific time that Plato’s school was established, but research suggests that it was around the mid-380s BC. Their contribution to the development of political ideas, inventions, and legacies is crucial to our day to day lives. Plato's penetrating mind revealed the problems with Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in spac… These people were said to be courageous, trustworthy, and daring, such as military leaders. Later philosophers like Robert Nozick and John Rawls drew heavily on Plato's work in constructing their own conceptions of justice and the state. Plato takes the four elements – fire, air, water, and earth – and states that these are combined into what he calls the “body of the universe.” Out of all of Plato’s works, the Timaeus deals most directly with what we regard as the essential sciences such as material science, space science, etc. If Whitehead overstated his case, it was not by a wide margin. He believed that while philosophical discourse was limited to just a few intellectuals, everyone could understand these arguments if they were presented as stories. This was considered to be the smallest of the three groups. In this philosophical work, seven characters give addresses on the commendation of Eros, the divine force of affection and want. The sign over the Academy entrance read: “Let nobody oblivious of geometry enter here.”. Since Plato was somewhat associated with this group, he had the opportunity to study many different subjects from many different teachers until he famously became a disciple of Socrates. Plato also studied and wrote extensively on rhetoric or the art of persuasion. It may sound a little strange but for Plato, philosophy was the instrument that could help us find them. Socrates was executed a few years later in 399 BCE for corrupting the youth and failing to observe the gods. Plato's Contribution to Philosophy: Plato carved out a subject matter for philosophy by formulating and discussing a wide range of metaphysical and ethical questions. Plato argued that idealized "forms" represented the true, perfect version of every thing or idea in the universe. This powerful concept has puzzled and inspired great philosophers like David Hume, Martin Heidegger and Jacques Derrida for generations and inspired these social philosophers and their contributions. Plato’s commitment to logic and reasoning was profound, and he used the strategy of discourse to explore philosophical ideas. Plato's philosophies on education. The Ion proposes that Homer’s Iliad had a similar role in the ancient Greek world to the Bible today: It was inspired by the supernatural yet still performed the function of a moral discourse. It is believed that he traveled extensively during this period and returned 12 years later in 387 BC. Two of Plato's most important dialogues, "Phaedrus" and "Gorgias," address questions about the nature of rhetoric. He stated that people could be divided into three main types: Following on from the division of labor and the three main types of people in society, Plato was able to establish a political and economic model which worked for the benefit of all. Although few modern philosophers write in dialogue, the dialectic has influenced subsequent methods of philosophical explication. In Plato's writings, Socrates argues that the ‘true reality’ is unobservable by those who perceive the world through their main senses and believe that only tangible objects are sure to exist. Most of Robinson's writing centers on education and travel. He is known from the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon. In the Republic, Plato often objects to Homer’s verse, but in his Ion, the character of Socrates gives no trace of this criticism. The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, Top 10 Most Important People in Ancient Greece, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. A huge and intricate work running to some 345 Stephanus pages, Laws remained incomplete at Plato’s death. The majority of Plato’s discourses took the form of exchanges between Socrates and various other characters. The Akademia or the Academy was established outside the city limits of old Athens and offered a wide range of subjects taught by experts in their field. So significant is the Plato contribution that the modern British philosopher, Albert North Whitehead, quipped that "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." Epistemology is the study of knowledge, or how people come to know things. For example, in his Socratic exchange Meno, Plato explains how a child can discover mathematical theories without prior knowledge of the world, reaching logical conclusions by asking questions and considering alternative responses. He believed that everyone had different skills and attributes, and these could be combined to meet the needs of the whole of society. he studied Socrates also he was a teacher of Aristotle and he found the academy. However, he made great use of this device. This technique confronted Plato's idealistic character a little with the thoroughness in the analysis of the issues that he posed. The early dialogues: Examining life. Syllogism is a certain form of reasoning where a conclusion is made based on two premises. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Plato was said to be an ancient Greek philosopher. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. Socrates, Plato, And Aristotle's Contribution To The Development Of Democracy 1061 Words | 5 Pages. This process of logical deduction was invented by Aristotle, and perhaps lies at the heart of all his famous achievements. The idea is that non-physical forms, or ideas, are the most accurate reality, and the marvels of the physical world are an imperfect reverberation of the ideal, perfect model that exists outside of reality. 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