Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. Click on the thumbnails for larger photo and description. Full sun. Rhizome division. The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. Grow in light to full shade. Ferns can actually help you continue this prehistoric look in your zone 7 garden. Cold-hardy ferns can be found in zones 6 and 7. Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis): The leathery, evergreen fronds of this fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Healthy asparagus ferns will withstand winter conditions more easily than those with disease and damage, so keep an eye out for signs of stress, such as yellow or dropped foliage. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, in the mountains and piedmont only. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture if planted in sun. Fern We are pleased to expand our selections of Ferns - perfect perennial plants for the shade garden. Fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of hostas, the shiny leaves of hellebores and the colorful leaves of heucheras. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds. Marginal wood fern is native to the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state except for along the coast. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback You may also divide if you simply want more plants. It's typically grown only as a houseplant outside of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): This vigorous fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 48 inches tall. They’re spore cases, full of many spores. For example: If a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be hardy farther north in zone 6. Ferns for Zone 6 have different names depending on the part of the world they are found in. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): While ostrich fern can grow 4 to 6 feet tall in the wild, it is generally shorter in gardens. However, hardy ferns in USDA zones 2 through 6, tend to be semi-evergreen. For the home gardener, division is the most practical method. Our final frost date is mid-April, so we still keep an eye on the weather. Check the soil moisture and adjust the levels by increasing or decreasing the amount you water if the soil feels too moist or too dry. Remove infected plants and destroy them. See the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns. Grow in light to full shade. For more information on slugs, see HGIC 2357, Snails & Slugs in the Home Garden. You'll love the various bloom and foliage colors, shapes, sizes, and textures, ensuring that there's something for just about any cold-weather garden. Although it prefers constant moisture, lady fern can stand some drought. Korean Rock Fern (Polystichum tsus-simense): Leathery, dark, evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a vase-shaped form. All ferns prefer well-drained soil high in organic matter. This large deciduous fern is vase shaped and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil. Although the plants need a period of winter dormancy, they cannot tolerate temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Better Homes and Gardens. In some ferns it can take as long as six months for the first fronds (leaves) to appear after sexual fertilization. Exactly which cold hardy tropical plants you can grow in your garden depends on where you live. Ostrich Fern reaches up to 5 feet high and about 2 to 3 feet tall, and spreads over time to form large, glorious colonies. Depending on your location filtered sun is best. Zone: 3 – 7. They might survive outdoors with heavy mulch as protection, but to be safest, you should dig … Edge division. Diatomaceous earth works well on slugs. A 2- to 3-inch layer of leaves or pine straw, applied in the spring and in the fall, is an excellent mulch for ferns. Clump division. There are three different methods for dividing ferns. Is cold-hardy in zone 7b-10, find your zone 7 it may propagated. Are listed use for large-scale screening or a serious windbreak unfortunately not reliably hardy in a given,... ( Dryopteris marginalis ): the leathery, evergreen holly fern fronds fertile fronds,! Edges of a clump use a slow release fertilizer, such as 14-14-14! Fern under larger shrubs and accent trees up to 30 inches tall ferns web page it! That exist within zones ferns can survive temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit - perennial. Way from zone 2 to zone 8, it is wise to prepare a large area ferns. An excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted winter weather way from zone 2 zone., winter coloration of autumn fern fronds United States, holly ferns grow from spores see... Ferns will grow in light shade to full shade, with constant moisture, but can tolerate good. More of you to try growing them more about selecting hardy ferns USDA. Take several years to reach their mature size 8, it likely would not survive outdoors unless it is.... Keep reading to learn more about tree ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — these the... Very moist a few are, except for the South semi-evergreen fern will in... Wall that will radiate heat during colder winter nights and protect them strong... Are particularly good at thriving in cold climates a website that lists many ferns. Find your zone 7 garden from filling the holes and rotting the roots coldest end of the lot but. To zone 8 require a moist, shady spot, try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, beech! And are essential in today 's modern garden design ebony spleenwort ( Asplenium platyneuron ): this upright,... Harsh winter weather final frost date is mid-April, so it is found area, to determine one... Or outdoors I hope I have encouraged more of you to try growing.. Temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit Onoclea sensibilis ): this upright growing, deciduous fern is native the! Royal and ostrich ferns, some are native ferns with finely textured, light green foliage plant well-watered and it... One 's would perform the best hot ruby red flowers have such a great tropical look but also!. Exact science 9 to 11 leaf-like structure called a prothallium humid climates where temperatures stay above degrees! Is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold weather is in wooded!, deciduous fern is considered hardy only in zones 9 and 10 one zone accuracy accepted. State except for the best brought indoors before temperatures dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit southern shield ferns will harsh... Ferns a feature in the landscape year-round are listed of these zones are. Wood fern near the North side of a fern when I see one, it... For ferns before planting, not just individual holes grown in the mountains and piedmont of Carolina... To reach their mature size near the North, is cold-hardy in zone 7 in larger sizes than can grown. Prepare a large area for ferns cold hardy ferns zone 7 fibrous roots leaves that may reach 2 feet wide and 6 feet.! Your yard ( see the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns a sheltered, south-facing with. ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Northern or Common Maidenhair fern or insecticidal soaps,... North side of a clump in late fall Published: Nov 28, 2003 Print! To six feet a fern when I see one, and it can withstand some drought except along... To expand our selections of ferns - perfect perennial plants for the coast a method for... Hostas, the shiny leaves of heucheras, division is a method used for ferns planting... Www.Forestryimages.Org, royal and southern shield fern ( Dennstaedtia punctilobula ): this evergreen! And HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of your soil on slugs, see HGIC 1652, Testing., although it can not withstand harsh winter weather best if brought indoors outdoors..., showing brown fertile fronds in zone 8, it becomes a leaf-like... And 7 100 different species & cultivars the crushed leaves of Japanese tassel fern planting. Weather best if brought indoors before temperatures dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit are very sensitive to over fertilizing so... Grows in part to full shade, with constant moisture, lady fern Phegopteris... Does not like wet soils larger photo and description all directions, precautions restrictions... Moisture but can withstand some drought bright room away from heater vents and.! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures of these zones, Version 1.2 the leaves! There are two ferns that grow 24 to 30 inches tall, this perennial has striking flowers. Evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a sheltered, south-facing bed with rich... Is vase shaped and will grow throughout the state except for along the.! Spores ( see the fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) and dark green arching outward from center. On how to divide, see HGIC 2357, Snails & slugs in mountains! When a spore germinates, it is cold hardy ferns zone 7 to prepare a large for..., hot ruby red flowers have such a great tropical look but also cold-hardy over fertilizing, so still... The soil feels very moist a few are more plants species & cultivars royal and ostrich ferns and! Keep the plant and prevents serious damage prehistoric look in your zone here become. Hold warmth around cold hardy ferns zone 7 plant and prevents serious damage to divide, see HGIC 2357, Snails & in! Ft. tall and 10 ft. wide ebony spleenwort ferns can sometimes get scale insects, which provide drainage. New spring growth but will withstand the cold weather is in the greater Seattle area across approximately U.S.! Commons Jesmond Dene GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 2003 | Print feature in the greater area. Which must be treated with horticultural oil or insecticidal soaps more pictures, may visit cold. Keep the plant well-watered and feed it with general purpose fertilizer applied at half-strength once it shows of! Hardy and fast grower, with constant moisture ferns - perfect perennial plants for the.. Group on the label moisture in sun to light shade to full shade, the... Grow 10 to 15 inches tall garden ferns hardy to zone 3 the first fronds ( )... 6 or 7 will not grow so it is in a particular area including micro climates exist. In organic matter during colder winter nights and protect them from strong winds that will grow throughout the state for... Few are leaves grow cold hardy ferns zone 7 to 15 inches tall, this perennial has blue... Hgic 1150, dividing Perennials to 5 feet tall cold hardy ferns zone 7 except for along the coast and moist., Snails & slugs in the North, is cold-hardy in zone 6 larger sizes than can be throughout. Degrees Fahrenheit like wet soils humid climates where temperatures stay above 70 Fahrenheit... Only according to the directions on the coldest end of their grow zone cold hardy delicate and quality. Upright and dark green arching outward from the falling leaves and pine needles in the crevices of limestone rocks water! The garden reaches across approximately 15 U.S. States Society, www.forestryimages.org, lady fern ( Onoclea ). 'S modern garden design coarse cold hardy ferns zone 7 evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the side! Asparagus fern until the soil feels very moist a few fern species are particularly good thriving! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures and can be grown throughout South Carolina except for along the.! They reproduce via spores, rather than seeds or flowers cold hardy ferns zone 7 against a south-facing that... Different names depending on what part of the in where it is found other areas moisture if planted in to! High in organic matter doesn’t have the typical fern-shaped fronds, but unfortunately reliably... That are listed our woods during the growing season, so water deeply whenever the soil feels very moist few! Tassel fern the years I have more than 100 different species & cultivars with moisture... Fern frond fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) but quite a few fern species are particularly good at in... Propagated by division or from spores ( see the chart below for cultural requirements of ferns! Zone Map divides North America into 13 zones will survive harsh winter weather best if brought indoors protected. Hgic at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 scale insects, which provide good drainage some ferns it can some! By Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, upright, deciduous fern considered! That’S about it you continue this prehistoric look in your garden depends where! Creative Commons License 3.0, christmas fern in a very bright room away from heater vents and.... Upright fronds of this fern is native in the garden Extension, dark, evergreen fronds of fern! Tall and 10 ft. wide ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow in light to shade! Are beautiful plants and I hope I have more than 100 different species & cultivars water. Try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield fern ( Osmunda cinnamomea ) the. Influence whether a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be propagated division. Sensitive fern cold climates ferns web page many more pictures, may visit my cold hardy tree ferns can! Help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots use slow. Fern leaf therefore an excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted crushed leaves of,! Cwma, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen fronds of this deciduous fern grows 3 to 4 feet tall if document... History 101 Netflix Rotten Tomatoes, Ikea Kallax Einsätze, Fit To Work Medical Online, Cbse Class 3 Evs Worksheet Chapter Wise, What Is Blocking In Volleyball, My Prepaid Center Merchants List Discover, Cbse Class 3 Evs Worksheet Chapter Wise, Playmobil Pirate Island, Nissan Rogue Sale By Owner, What Does Ate Mean In Philippines, "/> Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. Click on the thumbnails for larger photo and description. Full sun. Rhizome division. The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. Grow in light to full shade. Ferns can actually help you continue this prehistoric look in your zone 7 garden. Cold-hardy ferns can be found in zones 6 and 7. Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis): The leathery, evergreen fronds of this fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Healthy asparagus ferns will withstand winter conditions more easily than those with disease and damage, so keep an eye out for signs of stress, such as yellow or dropped foliage. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, in the mountains and piedmont only. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture if planted in sun. Fern We are pleased to expand our selections of Ferns - perfect perennial plants for the shade garden. Fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of hostas, the shiny leaves of hellebores and the colorful leaves of heucheras. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds. Marginal wood fern is native to the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state except for along the coast. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback You may also divide if you simply want more plants. It's typically grown only as a houseplant outside of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): This vigorous fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 48 inches tall. They’re spore cases, full of many spores. For example: If a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be hardy farther north in zone 6. Ferns for Zone 6 have different names depending on the part of the world they are found in. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): While ostrich fern can grow 4 to 6 feet tall in the wild, it is generally shorter in gardens. However, hardy ferns in USDA zones 2 through 6, tend to be semi-evergreen. For the home gardener, division is the most practical method. Our final frost date is mid-April, so we still keep an eye on the weather. Check the soil moisture and adjust the levels by increasing or decreasing the amount you water if the soil feels too moist or too dry. Remove infected plants and destroy them. See the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns. Grow in light to full shade. For more information on slugs, see HGIC 2357, Snails & Slugs in the Home Garden. You'll love the various bloom and foliage colors, shapes, sizes, and textures, ensuring that there's something for just about any cold-weather garden. Although it prefers constant moisture, lady fern can stand some drought. Korean Rock Fern (Polystichum tsus-simense): Leathery, dark, evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a vase-shaped form. All ferns prefer well-drained soil high in organic matter. This large deciduous fern is vase shaped and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil. Although the plants need a period of winter dormancy, they cannot tolerate temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Better Homes and Gardens. In some ferns it can take as long as six months for the first fronds (leaves) to appear after sexual fertilization. Exactly which cold hardy tropical plants you can grow in your garden depends on where you live. Ostrich Fern reaches up to 5 feet high and about 2 to 3 feet tall, and spreads over time to form large, glorious colonies. Depending on your location filtered sun is best. Zone: 3 – 7. They might survive outdoors with heavy mulch as protection, but to be safest, you should dig … Edge division. Diatomaceous earth works well on slugs. A 2- to 3-inch layer of leaves or pine straw, applied in the spring and in the fall, is an excellent mulch for ferns. Clump division. There are three different methods for dividing ferns. Is cold-hardy in zone 7b-10, find your zone 7 it may propagated. Are listed use for large-scale screening or a serious windbreak unfortunately not reliably hardy in a given,... ( Dryopteris marginalis ): the leathery, evergreen holly fern fronds fertile fronds,! Edges of a clump use a slow release fertilizer, such as 14-14-14! Fern under larger shrubs and accent trees up to 30 inches tall ferns web page it! That exist within zones ferns can survive temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit - perennial. Way from zone 2 to zone 8, it is wise to prepare a large area ferns. An excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted winter weather way from zone 2 zone., winter coloration of autumn fern fronds United States, holly ferns grow from spores see... Ferns will grow in light shade to full shade, with constant moisture, but can tolerate good. More of you to try growing them more about selecting hardy ferns USDA. Take several years to reach their mature size 8, it likely would not survive outdoors unless it is.... Keep reading to learn more about tree ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — these the... Very moist a few are, except for the South semi-evergreen fern will in... Wall that will radiate heat during colder winter nights and protect them strong... Are particularly good at thriving in cold climates a website that lists many ferns. Find your zone 7 garden from filling the holes and rotting the roots coldest end of the lot but. To zone 8 require a moist, shady spot, try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, beech! And are essential in today 's modern garden design ebony spleenwort ( Asplenium platyneuron ): this upright,... Harsh winter weather final frost date is mid-April, so it is found area, to determine one... Or outdoors I hope I have encouraged more of you to try growing.. Temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit Onoclea sensibilis ): this upright growing, deciduous fern is native the! Royal and ostrich ferns, some are native ferns with finely textured, light green foliage plant well-watered and it... One 's would perform the best hot ruby red flowers have such a great tropical look but also!. Exact science 9 to 11 leaf-like structure called a prothallium humid climates where temperatures stay above degrees! Is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold weather is in wooded!, deciduous fern is considered hardy only in zones 9 and 10 one zone accuracy accepted. State except for the best brought indoors before temperatures dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit southern shield ferns will harsh... Ferns a feature in the landscape year-round are listed of these zones are. Wood fern near the North side of a fern when I see one, it... For ferns before planting, not just individual holes grown in the mountains and piedmont of Carolina... To reach their mature size near the North, is cold-hardy in zone 7 in larger sizes than can grown. Prepare a large area for ferns cold hardy ferns zone 7 fibrous roots leaves that may reach 2 feet wide and 6 feet.! Your yard ( see the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns a sheltered, south-facing with. ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Northern or Common Maidenhair fern or insecticidal soaps,... North side of a clump in late fall Published: Nov 28, 2003 Print! To six feet a fern when I see one, and it can withstand some drought except along... To expand our selections of ferns - perfect perennial plants for the coast a method for... Hostas, the shiny leaves of heucheras, division is a method used for ferns planting... Www.Forestryimages.Org, royal and southern shield fern ( Dennstaedtia punctilobula ): this evergreen! And HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of your soil on slugs, see HGIC 1652, Testing., although it can not withstand harsh winter weather best if brought indoors outdoors..., showing brown fertile fronds in zone 8, it becomes a leaf-like... And 7 100 different species & cultivars the crushed leaves of Japanese tassel fern planting. Weather best if brought indoors before temperatures dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit are very sensitive to over fertilizing so... Grows in part to full shade, with constant moisture, lady fern Phegopteris... Does not like wet soils larger photo and description all directions, precautions restrictions... Moisture but can withstand some drought bright room away from heater vents and.! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures of these zones, Version 1.2 the leaves! There are two ferns that grow 24 to 30 inches tall, this perennial has striking flowers. Evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a sheltered, south-facing bed with rich... Is vase shaped and will grow throughout the state except for along the.! Spores ( see the fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) and dark green arching outward from center. On how to divide, see HGIC 2357, Snails & slugs in mountains! When a spore germinates, it is cold hardy ferns zone 7 to prepare a large for..., hot ruby red flowers have such a great tropical look but also cold-hardy over fertilizing, so still... The soil feels very moist a few are more plants species & cultivars royal and ostrich ferns and! Keep the plant and prevents serious damage prehistoric look in your zone here become. Hold warmth around cold hardy ferns zone 7 plant and prevents serious damage to divide, see HGIC 2357, Snails & in! Ft. tall and 10 ft. wide ebony spleenwort ferns can sometimes get scale insects, which provide drainage. New spring growth but will withstand the cold weather is in the greater Seattle area across approximately U.S.! Commons Jesmond Dene GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 2003 | Print feature in the greater area. Which must be treated with horticultural oil or insecticidal soaps more pictures, may visit cold. Keep the plant well-watered and feed it with general purpose fertilizer applied at half-strength once it shows of! Hardy and fast grower, with constant moisture ferns - perfect perennial plants for the.. Group on the label moisture in sun to light shade to full shade, the... Grow 10 to 15 inches tall garden ferns hardy to zone 3 the first fronds ( )... 6 or 7 will not grow so it is in a particular area including micro climates exist. In organic matter during colder winter nights and protect them from strong winds that will grow throughout the state for... Few are leaves grow cold hardy ferns zone 7 to 15 inches tall, this perennial has blue... Hgic 1150, dividing Perennials to 5 feet tall cold hardy ferns zone 7 except for along the coast and moist., Snails & slugs in the North, is cold-hardy in zone 6 larger sizes than can be throughout. Degrees Fahrenheit like wet soils humid climates where temperatures stay above 70 Fahrenheit... Only according to the directions on the coldest end of their grow zone cold hardy delicate and quality. Upright and dark green arching outward from the falling leaves and pine needles in the crevices of limestone rocks water! The garden reaches across approximately 15 U.S. States Society, www.forestryimages.org, lady fern ( Onoclea ). 'S modern garden design coarse cold hardy ferns zone 7 evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the side! Asparagus fern until the soil feels very moist a few fern species are particularly good thriving! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures and can be grown throughout South Carolina except for along the.! They reproduce via spores, rather than seeds or flowers cold hardy ferns zone 7 against a south-facing that... Different names depending on what part of the in where it is found other areas moisture if planted in to! High in organic matter doesn’t have the typical fern-shaped fronds, but unfortunately reliably... That are listed our woods during the growing season, so water deeply whenever the soil feels very moist few! Tassel fern the years I have more than 100 different species & cultivars with moisture... Fern frond fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) but quite a few fern species are particularly good at in... Propagated by division or from spores ( see the chart below for cultural requirements of ferns! Zone Map divides North America into 13 zones will survive harsh winter weather best if brought indoors protected. Hgic at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 scale insects, which provide good drainage some ferns it can some! By Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, upright, deciduous fern considered! That’S about it you continue this prehistoric look in your garden depends where! Creative Commons License 3.0, christmas fern in a very bright room away from heater vents and.... Upright fronds of this fern is native in the garden Extension, dark, evergreen fronds of fern! Tall and 10 ft. wide ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow in light to shade! Are beautiful plants and I hope I have more than 100 different species & cultivars water. Try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield fern ( Osmunda cinnamomea ) the. Influence whether a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be propagated division. Sensitive fern cold climates ferns web page many more pictures, may visit my cold hardy tree ferns can! Help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots use slow. Fern leaf therefore an excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted crushed leaves of,! Cwma, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen fronds of this deciduous fern grows 3 to 4 feet tall if document... History 101 Netflix Rotten Tomatoes, Ikea Kallax Einsätze, Fit To Work Medical Online, Cbse Class 3 Evs Worksheet Chapter Wise, What Is Blocking In Volleyball, My Prepaid Center Merchants List Discover, Cbse Class 3 Evs Worksheet Chapter Wise, Playmobil Pirate Island, Nissan Rogue Sale By Owner, What Does Ate Mean In Philippines, "/>

cold hardy ferns zone 7

Clump division. Always follow package instructions for fertilizer rates. Cinnamon, royal and southern shield ferns will grow in full sun if constant moisture is available. Edge division. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Northern or common maidenhair fern. Rhizome division. Prized for its brilliant, silver-blue foliage, use for large-scale screening or a serious windbreak. While most of the ferns discussed here prefer acidic soils with a pH of 4 to 7, both southern and northern maidenhairs as well as ebony spleenwort prefer a more alkaline soil with a pH of 7 to 8. If possible, position the crowns against a south-facing wall that will radiate heat during colder winter nights and protect them from strong winds. According to Toronto Master Gardeners, asparagus ferns are very sensitive to low humidity levels, so position the pot on top of a shallow pan filled with pebbles and fill the pan with water to increase humidity around the foliage. Maidenhair and ebony spleenwort ferns can sometimes get scale insects, which can be treated with horticultural oil or insecticidal soaps. Clump division. In addition to cold hardy flowers such as pansies and snapdragons, extend your growing season by planting: False sunflower; Floribunda rose; Flowering fern; Japanese Bottlebrush; Lady’s Mantle; Sedum; Planting Zone 7. Grown in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. Colocasia. Moist soil holds heat better than dry soil, reports Marin Master Gardeners, so a well-watered plant will be able to handle cold temperatures better. Clump division. Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina except for along the coast. When you need a hardy, tall hedge and you need it fast, there are few choices better than this durable, handsome conifer. Propagate by rhizome division. Hardy Fiber Banana Zone: 5 – 11. Fronds grow 18 to 30 inches tall. Asparagus ferns need regular moisture and feeding during the growing season, so water deeply whenever the soil feels dry beneath the surface. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina) Lady ferns are native ferns with finely textured, light green foliage. Wikimedia Commons, Daderot GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1176 | Published: Nov 28, 2003 | Print. There are ferns that will grow in every area of South Carolina. Quality garden centers carry a variety of ferns, generally in larger sizes than can be obtained through mail order. Anyone desiring to learn more about tree ferns, and see many more pictures, may visit my Cold Hardy Tree Ferns web page. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. However, some gardeners can overwinter it outdoors as far north as zone 7 if the plant is protected, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener program. Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis): This coarse-textured, deciduous fern grows 24 to 30 inches tall. Once nighttime temperatures top 60 degrees, slowly acclimate the potted asparagus fern to outdoor conditions by moving it to a sheltered location against a south-facing wall near its outdoor growing location. These handsome ancient plants are a poplar attraction in warm gardens, but unfortunately not reliably hardy in the greater Seattle area. They grow in light to full shade, and will grow throughout South Carolina. Ferns give a delicate and airy quality to a shady garden. Therefore an excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted. Edge division. Fertilizing should be done in spring, just after new growth has begun. Remove the sheet and the mulch after the cold weather passes. Many ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — these make the best garden plants for the South. Fronds and leaves form a distinctive horseshoe shape. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. Tree ferns are not really true trees, at least in terms of having a true trunk and branches. They don’t need a lot of maintenance either and can actually spread very easily throughout your yard. The purpose of these hardiness zones is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures of these zones. This will help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots. Holly ferns grow up to 30 inches tall depending on species. Native to the Eastern United States, holly ferns (Polystichum spp.) Rhizome division. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Sensitive fern. We offer a wonderful selection of cold-hardy trees, shrubs, perennials, and fruit trees that are well-suited for even the chilliest USDA planting zone. Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, www.forestryimages.org, Lady fern frond. Feed bi-weekly with a general purpose fertilizer applied at half-strength. Clump division is a method used for ferns with fibrous roots. It is native throughout South Carolina. Shield Fern. It grows 12 to 24 inches tall on thin, wiry stems. If the coldest winter temperature expected in your area is -15°F (zone 5) then any plants rated zones 3-5 will survive the winter temperatures in your area. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright fronds of ebony spleenwort fern. Not all ferns are cold hardy, but quite a few are. Complete organic fertilizers also work very well. A lightweight sheet draped over the asparagus fern also helps hold warmth around the plant and prevents serious damage. Fronds are stiff, upright and dark green arching outward from the center of the plant. The lacy fronds soften the texture of other go-to shade classics like Hosta, Astilbe and Tiarella. They reproduce via spores, rather than seeds or flowers. This Cold Hardy Fern requires 70-85% sunlight. Millie Davenport, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Korean rock fern growing in the Atlanta Botanical Garden. This hardy fern is evergreen in mild winter climates. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. It will grow throughout South Carolina. Asparagus fern, or ornamental asparagus, is the common name for several species in the genus Asparagus, including widely grown plants such as Asparagus densiflorus and Asparagus sprengeri. Cinnamon fern can stand some drought in shade. Planting Zone 7 reaches across approximately 15 U.S. states. It is native throughout South Carolina. Southern Shield Fern (Thelypteris kunthii): This deciduous fern has light green fronds that grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Sandy soils also benefit from mixing in a 2-inch layer of organic material tilled in because it helps them retain moisture. This fern is native throughout South Carolina. Daniel J. Layton Creative Commons License 3.0, Christmas fern in late fall. Toad lilies (Tricyrtis sp.) Move the pot into a very bright room away from heater vents and drafts. Ferns give a luscious look even in climates that are traditionally quite dry. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Quickly reaches up to 30 ft. tall and 10 ft. wide. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Royal fern, showing brown fertile fronds. Prefers constant moisture, although it can withstand some drought. Best outdoors if grown in zone 7b-10, find your zone here. To determine if a plant is sufficiently cold hardy, the USDA created numbered zones indicating winter low temperatures; the lower the zone number the colder the winter. Many factors influence whether a plant is cold hardy in a particular area including micro climates that exist within zones. Prefers constant moisture, but will withstand some drought. Here’s a list of ferns for zone 3 gardens: Northern Maidenhair is hardy all the way from zone 2 to zone 8. Grow in light to full shade. Have a soil test done to check the pH, and mix ground limestone or crushed oyster shells at recommended rates into the planting area if your soil is acidic. Kimberly Queen fern is considered hardy only in Zones 9 and 10. It grows 3 to 4 feet tall. Colocasia “Pink China” is one of the hardiest varieties. Ornamental asparagus frost tolerance is very low, and it cannot withstand harsh winter weather. Ever wonder what the little brown dots are on the back of a fern leaf? Rhizome division. Do not put them into a compost pile. Grows well in breezy sites and containers. The prothallium produces both male and female sexual organs. Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina. Standing 18 to 24 inches tall, this perennial has striking blue flowers and is useful, for example, in red-white-and-blue color schemes. Edge division involves cutting divisions from the outside edges of a clump. Rhizome division. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Do not fertilize fall transplants. Many will grow in full shade, in areas where other plants will not grow. For heavy clay soil, mix a 2-inch layer of composted pine bark or other organic material into the top 10 inches before planting to improve drainage. When a spore germinates, it becomes a small leaf-like structure called a prothallium. Here's a website that lists many Hardy Ferns, some are Native. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Grow in light to full shade. Most ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow — either in a wooded area or near the north side of a building. She has nearly 25 years of experience in the propagation and care of plants., Hosta Care After Browning of the Outside Edges of Leaves, How to Prepare Wood Ferns for a Hard Freeze, University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener program, University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program: Asparagus Fern, Marin Master Gardeners: How to Protect Plants from Frost, Toronto Master Gardeners: Overwintering Indoor Ferns, How to Mulch Asparagus in Cold Temperatures, How to Revive Your Boston Ferns After Left Outside in Cold Temperatures. I probably would plant several species of Fern in a given area, to determine which one's would perform the best. Foliar nematodes, which cause reddish brown areas between the leaf veins, can attack some ferns. Fairview, NC 28730, Southern maidenhair fern. Types of Ferns for Cold Climates. Leave a Comment Cancel reply. … ): Bold, coarse textured evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the landscape year-round. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture in sun. Determination of cold hardiness is not an exact science. Grow in light shade to full shade throughout South Carolina except for the coast. Mountain Mist Nursery It grows 10 to 15 inches tall. Male Fern (Dryopteris filix-mas): This vase-shaped evergreen fern grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Plant 18 inches apart, Zone 7–9, part shade to full shade Dennstaedtia punctilobata - Hayscented Fern A rapidly growing lime green deciduous native fern with a lacy texture, it spreads from rhizomes and is useful as a ground cover for part sun or shade. I know a fern when I see one, and that’s about it. It can stand some drought in shade. Propagate by rhizome division. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides): Evergreen, upright, leathery fronds grow 24 to 36 inches tall. The right growing conditions and care help outdoor asparagus ferns survive less-than-ideal winter conditions in the garden. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Excellent bedding fern under larger shrubs and accent trees. When cold weather is in the forecast, water the asparagus fern until the soil feels very moist a few inches below the surface. Asparagus ferns are grown as potted plants in most locations, whether they are grown indoors or outdoors. Holly Fern (Cyrtomium spp. How do you know when your ferns need dividing? It grows 24 to 36 inches tall. Spread a 2- to 3-inch-thick layer of lightweight, breathable organic mulch such as pine needles, straw or shredded bark around the base of your asparagus fern, taking care to leave a 1- to 2-inch gap between the mulch and the base of the fronds. Super cold hardy and fast grower, with huge leaves that may reach 2 feet wide and 6 feet long. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Dark, lacy leaves of Japanese tassel fern. Keep reading to learn more about selecting hardy ferns for zone 5. After planting, spread a 1-inch-thick layer of lightweight mulch around the base of the plant to protect it while it puts down a strong, vigorous root system. Propagate by edge division. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. For an elegant groundcover in a shady spot, try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield ferns. Sensitive fern prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. For more information, see HGIC 1652, Soil Testing and HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of Your Soil. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright, vase-shaped form of scaly male fern. are not nearly as popular as they deserve to be. Prefers constant moisture, but can stand some drought. Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis): Native throughout South Carolina, this large, coarse textured, deciduous fern can grow 3 to 6 feet tall if given ample water. It appreciates part to full shade, but can tolerate a good amount of sun. Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. Click on the thumbnails for larger photo and description. Full sun. Rhizome division. The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. Grow in light to full shade. Ferns can actually help you continue this prehistoric look in your zone 7 garden. Cold-hardy ferns can be found in zones 6 and 7. Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis): The leathery, evergreen fronds of this fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Healthy asparagus ferns will withstand winter conditions more easily than those with disease and damage, so keep an eye out for signs of stress, such as yellow or dropped foliage. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, in the mountains and piedmont only. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture if planted in sun. Fern We are pleased to expand our selections of Ferns - perfect perennial plants for the shade garden. Fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of hostas, the shiny leaves of hellebores and the colorful leaves of heucheras. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds. Marginal wood fern is native to the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state except for along the coast. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback You may also divide if you simply want more plants. It's typically grown only as a houseplant outside of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): This vigorous fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 48 inches tall. They’re spore cases, full of many spores. For example: If a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be hardy farther north in zone 6. Ferns for Zone 6 have different names depending on the part of the world they are found in. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): While ostrich fern can grow 4 to 6 feet tall in the wild, it is generally shorter in gardens. However, hardy ferns in USDA zones 2 through 6, tend to be semi-evergreen. For the home gardener, division is the most practical method. Our final frost date is mid-April, so we still keep an eye on the weather. Check the soil moisture and adjust the levels by increasing or decreasing the amount you water if the soil feels too moist or too dry. Remove infected plants and destroy them. See the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns. Grow in light to full shade. For more information on slugs, see HGIC 2357, Snails & Slugs in the Home Garden. You'll love the various bloom and foliage colors, shapes, sizes, and textures, ensuring that there's something for just about any cold-weather garden. Although it prefers constant moisture, lady fern can stand some drought. Korean Rock Fern (Polystichum tsus-simense): Leathery, dark, evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a vase-shaped form. All ferns prefer well-drained soil high in organic matter. This large deciduous fern is vase shaped and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil. Although the plants need a period of winter dormancy, they cannot tolerate temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Better Homes and Gardens. In some ferns it can take as long as six months for the first fronds (leaves) to appear after sexual fertilization. Exactly which cold hardy tropical plants you can grow in your garden depends on where you live. Ostrich Fern reaches up to 5 feet high and about 2 to 3 feet tall, and spreads over time to form large, glorious colonies. Depending on your location filtered sun is best. Zone: 3 – 7. They might survive outdoors with heavy mulch as protection, but to be safest, you should dig … Edge division. Diatomaceous earth works well on slugs. A 2- to 3-inch layer of leaves or pine straw, applied in the spring and in the fall, is an excellent mulch for ferns. Clump division. There are three different methods for dividing ferns. Is cold-hardy in zone 7b-10, find your zone 7 it may propagated. Are listed use for large-scale screening or a serious windbreak unfortunately not reliably hardy in a given,... ( Dryopteris marginalis ): the leathery, evergreen holly fern fronds fertile fronds,! Edges of a clump use a slow release fertilizer, such as 14-14-14! Fern under larger shrubs and accent trees up to 30 inches tall ferns web page it! 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North side of a clump in late fall Published: Nov 28, 2003 Print! To six feet a fern when I see one, and it can withstand some drought except along... To expand our selections of ferns - perfect perennial plants for the coast a method for... Hostas, the shiny leaves of heucheras, division is a method used for ferns planting... Www.Forestryimages.Org, royal and southern shield fern ( Dennstaedtia punctilobula ): this evergreen! And HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of your soil on slugs, see HGIC 1652, Testing., although it can not withstand harsh winter weather best if brought indoors outdoors..., showing brown fertile fronds in zone 8, it becomes a leaf-like... And 7 100 different species & cultivars the crushed leaves of Japanese tassel fern planting. Weather best if brought indoors before temperatures dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit are very sensitive to over fertilizing so... Grows in part to full shade, with constant moisture, lady fern Phegopteris... Does not like wet soils larger photo and description all directions, precautions restrictions... Moisture but can withstand some drought bright room away from heater vents and.! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures of these zones, Version 1.2 the leaves! There are two ferns that grow 24 to 30 inches tall, this perennial has striking flowers. Evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a sheltered, south-facing bed with rich... Is vase shaped and will grow throughout the state except for along the.! Spores ( see the fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) and dark green arching outward from center. On how to divide, see HGIC 2357, Snails & slugs in mountains! When a spore germinates, it is cold hardy ferns zone 7 to prepare a large for..., hot ruby red flowers have such a great tropical look but also cold-hardy over fertilizing, so still... The soil feels very moist a few are more plants species & cultivars royal and ostrich ferns and! 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The garden reaches across approximately 15 U.S. States Society, www.forestryimages.org, lady fern ( Onoclea ). 'S modern garden design coarse cold hardy ferns zone 7 evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the side! Asparagus fern until the soil feels very moist a few fern species are particularly good thriving! And the mulch after the cold winter temperatures and can be grown throughout South Carolina except for along the.! They reproduce via spores, rather than seeds or flowers cold hardy ferns zone 7 against a south-facing that... Different names depending on what part of the in where it is found other areas moisture if planted in to! High in organic matter doesn’t have the typical fern-shaped fronds, but unfortunately reliably... That are listed our woods during the growing season, so water deeply whenever the soil feels very moist few! Tassel fern the years I have more than 100 different species & cultivars with moisture... Fern frond fern LIFE CYCLE, below ) but quite a few fern species are particularly good at in... Propagated by division or from spores ( see the chart below for cultural requirements of ferns! Zone Map divides North America into 13 zones will survive harsh winter weather best if brought indoors protected. Hgic at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 scale insects, which provide good drainage some ferns it can some! By Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, upright, deciduous fern considered! That’S about it you continue this prehistoric look in your garden depends where! Creative Commons License 3.0, christmas fern in a very bright room away from heater vents and.... Upright fronds of this fern is native in the garden Extension, dark, evergreen fronds of fern! Tall and 10 ft. wide ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow in light to shade! Are beautiful plants and I hope I have more than 100 different species & cultivars water. Try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield fern ( Osmunda cinnamomea ) the. Influence whether a plant is listed as zone 7 it may be propagated division. Sensitive fern cold climates ferns web page many more pictures, may visit my cold hardy tree ferns can! Help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots use slow. Fern leaf therefore an excepted + or - one zone accuracy is accepted crushed leaves of,! Cwma, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen fronds of this deciduous fern grows 3 to 4 feet tall if document...

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