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cross river gorilla habitat

They mostly live in highland forests. They sty in a family. The inhabited lowlands are a patchwork of farmland (crops, plantations and grassland) and secondary forest, with many villages and a number of roads. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Large areas of primary forest still remain in this region, but some of the gorillas live within small, fairly isolated pockets. The cross river gorilla is one among the most critically endangered species in the world which is on the WWF priority species list, with a population of only 200 to 300 left in the wild. They are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. A New Hope for the World’s Most Endangered Gorilla. It is, therefore, the subspecies that inhabits the most north and west regions of all. Cross River gorilla is the most western and northern form of gorilla. The Cross River gorilla is a subspecies of the western gorilla. We are working in collaboration with a wide range of partners in several gorilla range states to both conserve gorilla habitat and populations, as well as help improve the quality of life of local people. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Habitat destruction is a major part of the reason the Cross River gorilla is listed as critically endangered, which is one step below 'extinct in the wild.'. Groups range from two to 20 members, and they make nests on the ground, as other gorilla species do. Read about these rare primates before booking a safari to Africa Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. It is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), and it is the most endangered of the gorilla subspecies. All of the water a Cross River gorilla needs comes from its food. Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. The gorilla's habitat is also surrounded by some of the most densely settled human areas in the region, and the human population continues to increase. The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. It lives in a region between Nigeria and Cameroon, just at the Cross River basin. The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) occupies approximately 11 primarily highland sites dispersed across a larger forest landscape in Cross River State, Nigeria and Southwest Province, Cameroon. Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). This subspecies is the world’s strangest gorilla; rarely seen and with a small population. In Cross River gorilla habitat, researchers are using rugged, hand-held computers that allow them to enter important information such as location of gorilla nest sites, evidence of poaching and logging, and other crucial details. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. All rights reserved. Like all gorilla subspecies, Cross River Gorillas are very social. Habitat loss is the most significant threat to Cross-River gorillas, primarily due to the conversion of forested land to agricultural or grazing land. The Cross River Gorilla was classified as a distinct sub-species in the year 2000. Classified as one of two subspecies of western gorilla (the western lowland gorilla being the other), Cross River gorillas inhabit the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles (7,770 sq km), on the African continent. The gorillas are living smaller as … Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). In such a small area, the home ranges of different gorilla groups must either overlap or be extremely small. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This makes it hard for subpopulations to interact, and reduces the chances of breeding and increasing the population. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. The gorilla specie lives for 30 to 50 years and the gestation period is 8.5 month after which one baby is born weighing between 3-4 ibis. As a result, groups of Cross River gorillas are spread widely throughout their habitat. Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. Log in here for access. Gorillas are large creatures, and they require a lot of food. They inhabit west of the Congo River, mainly in lowlands with marshy, coastal and secondary tropical forests, at altitudes of up to 1,600 meters. And other gorilla facts. Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. It is separated by about 300 km from the nearest The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. This gorilla is the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). This gorilla is one of two species of western gorilla, with the western lowland gorilla being the other. This is because the area where they live changes more with the seasons than other gorilla habitats. 26) The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is the least populated of the subspecies. (13), Cross River Gorilla Socio-Ecology and Behaviour, Physical Characteristics of Cross River Gorillas. The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. They live in sub-mountain forests at altitudes from 150 to 1,600 meters above the sea level. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Gorillas, the largest living primates, make their homes in central Africa. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. A 2014 study suggests that there are less than 250 mature Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them one of the world’s most critically endangered primates. There are populations in the Afi Mountains in Nigeria, the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, in the Takamanda National Park in Cameroon, and in the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. This type of food is available all year, so it can be a consistent part of their diet. The Cross River gorilla is a critically endangered ape whose habitat is limited to a remote section of the border between Nigeria and Cameroon.This gorilla was named for the Cross River, a waterway that traverses both countries. This restriction is most likely because humans are more concentrated in the lowland areas. It is the most western and northern form of gorilla, and is restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region at the headwaters of the Cross River. However, sightings were recorded during the 1980s, and small numbers of the sub-species were rediscovered in Cameroon and Nigeria on the banks of the Cross River. Cross River Gorilla. They live in tropical and subtropical forests. 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A few groups can consist of up to 20 individuals – but this is very rare. This may be because they have such a restricted habitat. They can be found in lowland areas, but for the most part they stay in higher elevations to avoid contact with humans. HABITAT OF CROSS RIVER GORILLAS. And they are restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. There are less than 300 left in the wild, which makes it a critically endangered species. They live in mountainous border area between Cameroon and Nigeria at the top of … (13) There are few records of the historic abundance and distribution of gorillas in this region. Lauren has taught intermediate reading in an English Language Institute, and she has her Master's degree in Linguistics. Cross River gorillas live in close proximity to humans with little protected land. We are working in collaboration with a wide range of partners in several gorilla range states to both conserve gorilla habitat and populations, as well as help improve the quality of life of local people. READ MORE: Top 15 Inspirational Animals Rights Activists Female Mountain Gorilla, photo by Bret Love & … The life span of the cross-river gorillas is similar t other gorilla species. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. Due to the size of the body of the Cross River Gorilla, they need large and varied areas of forest to meet their habitat … That means the entire population could fit on a 747 jet with room to spare! The Cross River gorilla is separated by about 300 km from the nearest population of western lowland gorillas. Every year they have a rainy and a dry season. Cross River gorillas are herbivores, and their diet is more seasonal than any other gorilla species. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. Gorillas Are Not Strong Breeders. 's' : ''}}. There is also a strong link between habitat loss and the bushmeat trade. Diet Counselor: Job Duties & Career Requirements, Diet Technician Certification and Degree Program Info, Graduate Programs Related to Diet and Health: Degree Options, Difference Between Food Scientist & Nutritionist, Nutritional Psychology Degrees & Programs, Holistic Animal Care Schools: How to Choose, Physical Trainer: Job Description & Career Requirements, Health Education Certification in Illinois, Holistic Dietitian Degree and Certificate Program Information. Habitat loss is the main threat to the cross-river gorillas, the local people inhabiting the habitats of cross-river … , have also been traded as pets meet their habitat at this gorilla is a subspecies of forest! 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